Our Research & Publications

Our research publications on advanced nerve monitoring techniques have been accepted by the International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery (ISASS) in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2020.

The advanced techniques we have developed have been proven to be effective and they have been adopted into widespread use. These techniques are now included in university neuromonitoring academic curriculums. We are expecting more exciting developments as we continue to improve our abilities to protect the nervous system during surgeries where it is at risk.

2020 "Best of Awards Section"
Protecting the Femoral Nerve in Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF)
Justin W. Silverstein, DHSc, CNIM – Neuro Protective Solutions; Jon Block, DC, CNIM – ION Intraoperative Neurophysiology; Dorothy Porter, BS, Hieu Ball, MD – California Comprehensive Spine Institute; Paul Slosar, MD – Spine Care Medical Group; James Reynolds, MD – Spine Care Medical Group; Noel Goldthwaite, MD – Spine Care Medical Group; Bradley Johnson– Spine Care Medical Group , MD; Kris Okumo, MD; Sun Ik Lee, MD; Margaret Riordan MD- Alameda Health System; Bruce Bizzini, CNIM; Sarita Gupta, DABNM, CNIM– ION Intraoperative Neurophysiology; Sandeep Kunwar, MD; Kristi LaRock, PA- Washington Hospital; Matthew Goldstein, MD – Orthopedic Associates of Manhasset; Ricky Madhok, MD – Neuroaxis Neurosurgical Associates; David Chen, DO – Neuroaxis Neurosurgical Associates; Hargovind DeWal, MD – Long Island Spine Specialists; Sushil Basra, MD – Long Island Spine Specialists; Jason Zook, MD – Carolina Orthopedic Specialists;; David Kramer, MD – Connecticut Neck and Back Specialists; David Bomback, MD – Connecticut Neck and Back Specialists; Jessica Dowling, MD – Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine; Sara Mermelstein, BS, CNIM
Femoral Nerve Protection in Transpsoas Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF)
Abstract presented at the Annual Meeting for ISASS [Boca Raton, FL] April 2017.
Authors: J. Silverstein, J. Block, M. Goldstein, H. DeWal, J. Zook, P. Slosar, R. Madhok, L. Mermelstein, S. Basra, J.Reynolds, N. Goldthwaite, H. Ball, B. Bizzini Neuro Protective Solutions, Hauppauge, NY, United States, IONIntraoperative Neurophysiology, Walnut Creek, CA, United States, Orthopedic Associates of Manhasset, Great Neck, NY,United States, Long Island Spine Specialists, Commack, NY, United States, Seton Medical Center, Daly City, CA, UnitedStates, Neuroaxis Neurosurgical Associates, New York, NY, United States
Alerts for Femoral Nerve Monitoring during Transpsoas Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion Procedure
Silverstein, J., Block, J., Madhok, R., Goldstein, M., Basra, S., Mermelstein, L., DeWal, H., Porter, D., & Ball, H.
Abstract presented at the Annual Meeting for ISASS [Las Vegas, NV] April 2016.
Preserving Femoral Nerve Function: A Multimodal Neuromonitoring Approach in Transpsoas Lateral Access to the Spine
Abstract presented at the Annual Meeting for ISASS [San Diego California] April 2015
Silverstein, J., Block, J., Goldstein, M., Madhok, R., Basra, S., Mermelstein, L. & DeWal,H.
Neurodiagnostic Journal      
Motor Evoked Potentials For Femoral Nerve Protection in Transpsoas Lateral Access Surgery of the Spine
Jon Block D.C., CNIM, Justin W. Silverstein DHSc, CNIM, R. EP T. R.NCS.T., CNCT, NCT-C, Hieu T. Ball M.D., Laurence E. Mermelstein M.D., Hargovind S. DeWal M.D., Rick Madhok M.D., Sushil K. Basra M.D. & Matthew J. Goldstein M.D
Download Publication* Listed as one of the most read articles of all time in the Neurodiagnostic Journal
Neurodiagnostic Journal      
The Utility of Transcranial Motor Evoked Potentials (MEPs) for Intraoperative Monitoring of Femoral Nerve Function in Retroperitoneal Transpsoas Access to the Spine
Jon Block DC, CNIM1 ; Justin Silverstein, MS, CNIM2 (1 ION Intraoperative Neurophysiology, Walnut Creek, California; 2 Spine Medical Services, PLLC, Commack, New York)
American Society of Neurophysiological Monitoring 
Variable Results in Motor Mapping of the Lumbar Plexus: A Comparison of 3 Different L2-L3 Far Lateral Lumbar Discectomy & Fusion Procedures
Silverstein, J., Block, J. & Basra, S. (2014). ASNM Monitor.
ION Intraoperative Neurophysiology
211 Crestview Drive
Orinda, CA 94563
Phone (678) 977-6666info@ioneuromonitoring.com